The C-17 Globemaster III is a military transport airplane with a high wing, four engines and an unusual T-tail. Its primary mission is to transport troops, supplies, and/or over-sized equipment anywhere in the world in daylight or at night. It has high adaptability for various missions, in part because the C-17 can use paved or unpaved runways.
In addition, the C-17 uses a special flap system to enable it to make short-field landings. Because the C-17 Globemaster III can operate from relatively short airfields, the cargo plane is especially valuable during military, peacekeeping, and humanitarian relief missions when long runways are often not available. The C-17 has long-range capability even when carrying heavy loads though it can also take advantage of mid-air refueling when it’s available.
The C-17 Globemaster can carry a payload of up to 160,000 pounds comprised of personnel, cargo, or a combination of the two. Its enormous size permits the loading of two rows of tanks or one load of three Bradley infantry-fighting vehicles. The Globemaster is often used at the beginning of engagements to quickly bring needed equipment and personnel to the battle zone.
The U.S. Air Force initially purchased 180 of the C-17 Globemaster III aircraft from Boeing, with the delivery taking place in 2008. As at January 2010, a total of 212 had been manufactured and delivered to the U.S. Air Force, Canada’s Department of National Defence, the Royal Australian Air Force, and the United Kingdom’s Royal Air Force.
Cruise speed: 0.74 – 0.77 Mach
Range: 2,420 nautical miles
Length: 174 feet
Wingspan: 169.8 feet
Height: 55.1 feet
Maximum weight: 164,900 lbs
Engines: Four Pratt & Whitney 40,440 pound thrust F117-PW-100 engines
Takeoff roll: 7,740 feet
Landing roll: 3,000 feet
Crew: Two flight crew and one loadmaster
The C-2A Greyhound is based on the E-2 Hawkeye and its mission is to ferry cargo and personnel to and from U.S. Navy aircraft carriers. The C-2A Greyhound’s wings are similar to the E-2 Hawkeye, but the loading ramp is located in the rear and the fuselage is wider. Production of the C-2A began in 1965; just one year after the prototype completed its first flight.
It’s the primary Carrier Onboard Delivery aircraft for the Navy. To conserve space while onboard the carrier, the C-2A has folding wings. For ease of loading and unloading, the airplane has an over-sized aft cargo door and ramp. This makes the process much faster and efficient than traditional side or underside doors and ramps. Saving time is especially critical during wartime and relief missions when every second counts.
In flight, the C-2A Greyhound can be used to airdrop supplies and/or military personnel. Most cargo planes require ground support and electrical power for engine starting, but the C-2A carries its own power supply to start its engines. This makes the airplane incredibly versatile and self-reliant even when using undeveloped airfields.
A number of design enhancements and upgrades have been performed on the C-2A Greyhound, with the intention of extending the airplane’s service life for several years and will affect the avionics system, propellers, wiring, and structural design. Safety improvements include the installation of a Terrain Awareness Warning System and a Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System.
Some additional data about the C-2A Greyhound:
Maximum speed: 310 knots
Cruise speed: 260 knots
Range: 1,300 nautical miles
Ceiling: 30,000 feet
Length: 57 feet, 7 inches
Wingspan: 80 feet, 7 inches
Height: 17 feet
Maximum weight: 57,500 pounds
Engine(s): Two Allison 4,910 ESHP T56-A-425 turboprop engines
Armament: Up to 10,000 pounds of cargo, passengers, or a combination of both
Contractor: Northrop Grumman
United States Navy
The KC-135 Stratotanker was first deployed in August 1956, and has been in operation since 1957. Though the KC-135 Stratotanker is mostly used to refuel planes in-flight, it can also transport cargo, perform reconnaissance work, or be used as an aerial command center. For medical emergencies, the Stratotanker can transport or evacuate patients. Above the fuselage-mounted fuel tanks, there’s a cargo and passenger deck.
Any airplane that is equipped for in-flight refueling can extend their operating range indefinitely. This makes tankers like the KC-135 Stratotanker invaluable for military operations. Though the Stratotanker is an asset of the U.S. Air Force, it’s sometimes made available to other military branches such as the Marine Corps and Navy as well as to other Allied countries’ aircraft.
Internal fuel from the KC-135 Stratotanker is pumped through the flying boom and exits a shuttlecock-shaped drogue that attaches to refueling aircraft. The Stratotanker’s boom operator controls the boom from the rear of the plane. Coordinating the movements of the Stratotanker and receiver airplane can be tricky, and is especially difficult in bumpy air.
From 1975 to 1988, Boeing replaced the original skin on 746 Stratotankers with a superior aluminum-alloy skin. Additional improvements included replacing the engine strut fittings, a number of parts and many thousands of steel fasteners and aluminum rivets.
Fuel efficiency as well as takeoff and carrying capacity were increased for Air Force Stratotankers with the replacement of the original KC-135A engines with CFM56 engines. Those planes were redesignated as KC-135R. The newer engines were also less noisy with reduced emissions. Engines in Air National Guard and Air Force Reserve Stratotankers were replaced with refurbished JT3D engines that had originally been installed in 707 commercial airliners. Those modified Stratotankers were redesignated KC-135E.
Maximum speed: 530 mph
Range: 1,500 miles
Length: 136′ 3″
Wingspan: 130′ 10″
Height: 41′ 8″
Maximum weight: 322,500 pounds
Maximum Cargo Capability: 83,000 pounds of cargo or 37 passengers
Engine(s): CFM International CFM-56 turbofan engines in the KC-135R/T. Pratt and Whitney TF-33-PW-102 turbofan engines in the KC-135E.
Crew: Three, including the pilot, co-pilot, and boom operator. Some KC-135 missions also require a navigator.
Aeromedical Evacuation Crew: Five, including two flight nurses and three medical technicians.
Hong Kong International Airport, or the Hong Kong Airport, was established for commercial use in 1998, and is the heart of the transportation industry to East Asia, Southeast Asia and to the mainland of China. The Hong Kong Airport is operational twenty-four hours a day, and ranked fifth amongst the busiest commercial airports in the world. Even though the airport in Hong Kong has not been in existence for very long, it has already raked in many awards for its professional service and passenger facilities. Awards received include the ‘Best Airport’ award that is known and recognized internationally. The Hong Kong International Airport is busy every day, with passengers, air and cargo traffic. On average, the airport in Hong Kong assists almost 750 planes land and take off in a day. At present, the passenger traffic in a year is approximately 40.7 million, with cargo traffic averaging 3.4 million tons annually.
There are just over eighty airlines that operate to and from the Hong Kong Airport and include airlines such as Dragonair, Hong Kong Express, Hong Kong Airlines, Cathay Pacific Airlines, Air India, British Airways, Air China, Emirates, Air Mauritius, Finnair, Lufthansa, Qatar Airways, South African Airways, United Airlines, Virgin Atlantic, Air New Zealand, Gulf Air, Jetstar Asia and KLM Royal Dutch Airlines. The Hong Kong Airport can therefore connect its passengers to about 140 different locations around the world. There are eighteen cargo carriers that operate from this airport. The Hong Kong International Airport has two asphalt runways that are used for take offs and landings. Both runways are 3 800 meters in length.
The Hong Kong Airport operates from two terminals, Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. They are both extravagantly impressive in size and their bathrooms and facilities are always clean and hygienic. If the size alone does not impress you, then the passenger facilities that are located in each terminal definitely will. In Terminal 1, you will find the Hong Kong Skymart. This area has facilities that include arts & crafts stores, audio and visual electronic equipment stores, clothing and sport shops, telecommunication services, jewelry stores, watch shops, eyewear shops, florists, convenience stores, toy stores, photo shops, evening wear boutiques, restaurants, bakeries, fast food outlets, coffee shops, bars, foreign exchange services, ATM’s and banking facilities. Terminal 2 has basically the same facilities as Terminal 1 does, and is called the Hong Kong SkyPlaza. Over and above the facilities already mentioned, the Hong Kong SkyPlaza also has an aviation discovery center, movie theatres, I-Sport, Asia Hollywood, pharmacies, beauty salons and tobacco stores.
Transportation to and from the Hong Kong International Airport is serviced by tour coaches, buses, taxis, limousines, trains, ferry or car rental services. All these mentioned transportation modes are located in the Ground Transportation Centre.
This section of Airplanes.com will discuss a range of different types of aircraft, including cargo aircraft which are used by the military and commercially. We also discuss military surplus aircraft, which can be found for sale on the internet. Another fascinating aspect of aviation are the many museums housing aircraft that are considered to be antique and collectable, and we look at this in further detail. Antique and collectable aircraft memorabilia can also be found at antique stores and for sale online.
The need to land aircraft in remote areas has given rise to the invention of the float plane which lands on and takes off from bodies of water. The history and functioning of float planes will be discussed further.
Commuter airplanes have made a significant contribution in making the world a global village, and we investigate this further. Homebuilt aircraft is an interesting hobby to pursue and many different kits are available as well as regulating authorities to ensure your homebuilt aircraft is air-worthy. Helicopters are unique aircraft due to their ability to hover and change direction easily, and we peer closer into the design of helicopters. So join us for a closer look at the wonders of aviation.
- Aircraft: Antiques and Collectibles
- Aircraft: Cargo
- Aircraft: Civilian
- Aircraft: Commuter
- Aircraft: Float Planes
- Aircraft: Helicopters
- Aircraft: Homebuilt
- Aircraft: Military
- Aircraft: Military Surplus
The Oslo International Airport was approved by the Norwegian authorities on 13 November 1992, and the construction of the new airport was completed in 1998. It is located approximately 50 kilometers outside the city of Oslo and is currently the largest and most busy commercial airport in Norway. The Oslo International Airport accommodates international flights, domestic flights and charter flights, with the international flights connecting Oslo Airport to more than 60 international destinations and more than twenty-five domestic destinations. At the end of 2009 it was determined that approximately 18 million passengers used the Oslo International Airport.
Oslo International Airport has two asphalt runways that are 3,600 meters and 2,950 meters respectively. Commercial airlines that operate to and from
Olso Airport include Scandinavian Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Finnair, Coast Air, British Airways, Lufthansa, KLM Royal Dutch Airline, Islandair, Turkish Airlines, Air France, Condor and Austrian Airlines. Charter airlines such as Novair, Spanair, Air Europa and SAS Braathens operate from the airport. The Oslo Airport also handles many cargo flights that are run by airlines such as DHL, Korean Air, Lufthansa, SAS Cargo Group, United Parcel Service and TNT Cargo.
Getting to and from the Oslo Airport can be done by taxi, buses (of which there is a night bus service available), trains such as the regional trains or the Airport Express, which is called Flytoget. The subway can also be used to get to the airport, and car rental facilities are available. For travelers that arrive by car, there are over 3,500 parking pays available in the short term parking area, and approximately 7,900 parking bays in the long term parking area which is located outdoors. Shuttle services are available, free of charge, to assist getting passengers and their luggage from the carparks to the airport terminal.
The Oslo International Airport has a variety of passenger facilities available within the terminal, including duty free shops, ATM’s, foreign exchange services, book stores, sweet shops, toy stores, gift shops and clothing stores. Passengers can choose from various cafes, fast food outlets, seafood bars and restaurants. Gourmet Norwegian foods and dishes are also available in the terminal. Disabled passengers have been provided for, through accessibility and spacious, clean restrooms.
The new Airbus A330 MRTT (Multi Role Tanker Transport), which is based on the highly successful civilian A330-200, has been designed to be used as an air refueling tanker, as well as a cargo transport aircraft for military use.
In response to the increasing demand from cargo operators worldwide for a long-range, efficient, high-capacity freight airplane, in May 2005 the Boeing Company launched the Boeing 777 Freighter. Delivery of their launch order from Air France is expected to take place in the final quarter of 2008, with additional orders coming in from Emirates, Air Canada, China Southern Airlines, FedEx, GE Capital, Korean Air, Qatar and India-based cargo carriers, Flyington Freighters.
The Singapore Air Show, which takes place every two years, is scheduled for 19-24 February 2008 at the New Changi Exhibition Centre, Changi North, Singapore. This prestigious event is Asia’s largest aerospace and defense show and one of the world’s top three air shows. Hosted jointly by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore and the Defense Science & Technology Agency, the Singapore Air Show serves as a meeting place for the military and civil aviation community to benefit from opportunities for marketing and networking on a global scale. It is also an opportunity for the public to view the airplanes and exhibitions.