This section of Airplanes.com will discuss a range of different types of aircraft, including cargo aircraft which are used by the military and commercially. We also discuss military surplus aircraft, which can be found for sale on the internet. Another fascinating aspect of aviation are the many museums housing aircraft that are considered to be antique and collectable, and we look at this in further detail. Antique and collectable aircraft memorabilia can also be found at antique stores and for sale online.
The need to land aircraft in remote areas has given rise to the invention of the float plane which lands on and takes off from bodies of water. The history and functioning of float planes will be discussed further.
Commuter airplanes have made a significant contribution in making the world a global village, and we investigate this further. Homebuilt aircraft is an interesting hobby to pursue and many different kits are available as well as regulating authorities to ensure your homebuilt aircraft is air-worthy. Helicopters are unique aircraft due to their ability to hover and change direction easily, and we peer closer into the design of helicopters. So join us for a closer look at the wonders of aviation.
- Aircraft: Antiques and Collectibles
- Aircraft: Cargo
- Aircraft: Civilian
- Aircraft: Commuter
- Aircraft: Float Planes
- Aircraft: Helicopters
- Aircraft: Homebuilt
- Aircraft: Military
- Aircraft: Military Surplus
The Oslo International Airport was approved by the Norwegian authorities on 13 November 1992, and the construction of the new airport was completed in 1998. It is located approximately 50 kilometers outside the city of Oslo and is currently the largest and most busy commercial airport in Norway. The Oslo International Airport accommodates international flights, domestic flights and charter flights, with the international flights connecting Oslo Airport to more than 60 international destinations and more than twenty-five domestic destinations. At the end of 2009 it was determined that approximately 18 million passengers used the Oslo International Airport.
Oslo International Airport has two asphalt runways that are 3,600 meters and 2,950 meters respectively. Commercial airlines that operate to and from
Olso Airport include Scandinavian Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle, Finnair, Coast Air, British Airways, Lufthansa, KLM Royal Dutch Airline, Islandair, Turkish Airlines, Air France, Condor and Austrian Airlines. Charter airlines such as Novair, Spanair, Air Europa and SAS Braathens operate from the airport. The Oslo Airport also handles many cargo flights that are run by airlines such as DHL, Korean Air, Lufthansa, SAS Cargo Group, United Parcel Service and TNT Cargo.
Getting to and from the Oslo Airport can be done by taxi, buses (of which there is a night bus service available), trains such as the regional trains or the Airport Express, which is called Flytoget. The subway can also be used to get to the airport, and car rental facilities are available. For travelers that arrive by car, there are over 3,500 parking pays available in the short term parking area, and approximately 7,900 parking bays in the long term parking area which is located outdoors. Shuttle services are available, free of charge, to assist getting passengers and their luggage from the carparks to the airport terminal.
The Oslo International Airport has a variety of passenger facilities available within the terminal, including duty free shops, ATM’s, foreign exchange services, book stores, sweet shops, toy stores, gift shops and clothing stores. Passengers can choose from various cafes, fast food outlets, seafood bars and restaurants. Gourmet Norwegian foods and dishes are also available in the terminal. Disabled passengers have been provided for, through accessibility and spacious, clean restrooms.
Cargo aircraft refers to an airplane designed principally for use in carrying goods or freight, either for commercial use or military. Cargo aircraft may be classified according to its range, i.e. short-, medium- and long-range, with different sizes being utilized.
Features of cargo aircraft vary according to their purpose. Some cargo planes have been developed exclusively for use by the military, whilst others have been developed for commercial transport. A substantial number of cargo aircraft are modified airliners whilst others have developed from military transport airplanes.
The Singapore Changi International Airport is also known as the Changi Airport and is located approximately 20 kilometers outside the city center of Singapore. It is one of the busiest airports in Asia and handles more or less 32.4 million passengers annually. The cargo division sees almost 1.8 million tons of cargo pass through its gates, and the Changi Airport facilitates almost 4,000 weekly flights and offers over 177 various travel destinations. The Singapore International Airport opened in 1981, and has won more than 250 awards over the years, confirming its achievements in service excellence and professionalism.
The airport operates from three terminals at the present time, while the fourth is still under construction. The terminals, in total, measure 679,100 square meters, consisting of Terminal 1, Terminal 2 and the Budget Terminal. While Terminal 1 and Terminal 2 deal with international and domestic air
travel, the Budget Terminal handles only the low cost carrier airlines that have become an attractive option to travelers on a restricted budget. Airlines that use the Singapore Changi International Airport as a hub include Jetstar Asia Airways, Silkair, Singapore Airlines, Tiger Airways, Qantas and Valuair.
The Changi Airport has two asphalt and one concrete runway used for take offs and landings. Runways 02L/20R and 02C/20C are both 4,000 meters in length, while runway 02R/20L measures 2,748 meters.
The terminal buildings are luxuriously decorated and have a variety of convenient facilities available to passengers. The most beautiful feature of the airport, are the six open air landscaped gardens, each focusing on a specific theme or plant group, namely a fern garden, bamboo garden, cacti garden, orchid garden, sunflower garden and a heliconia garden. Terminal one and Terminal two are connected to each other and feature a swimming pool, internet gaming facilities, hotel, spas, gymnasiums, movie viewing facilities and business centers. Duty free shops, health shops, fast food outlets, restaurants, bars, and fashion houses such as Gucci, Hermes and Prada are available in the terminal buildings.
Access to and from the Changi International Airport is serviced by shuttle buses, sky train, limousine and car rental facilities that are available from the airport.
Though the Cessna 185 Skywagon is considered by many to be the premier bush plane, it’s also popular with many other pilots and owners who’ll never fly anywhere near Alaska or northern Canada. Cessna began manufacturing the six-seat 185 Skywagon in March of 1961. The company produced 4,400 Skywagons before it ceased production of the plane in 1985.
The 185 Skywagon is a tail dragger, which means its third wheel is located beneath the tail instead of the nose. This wheel type was a popular configuration for World War II era aircraft and the 185 Skywagon was the last tail dragger that Cessna manufactured. Due to their tendency to ground loop, tail dragger planes often cost more to insure and aren’t as popular because of their challenging landing and takeoff characteristics.
In lieu of wheels, the 185 Skywagon can be equipped with floats, amphibious floats (floats that also have wheels for non-water landings), and skis. This makes the 185 Skywagon particularly attractive to those who fly in northern latitudes where the summer season is short and water runways are more plentiful than those found on land. Bush pilots will often change their 185 Skywagon from floats or wheels to skis and back as the season dictates.
Many install aftermarket Short Takeoff and Landing (STOL) kits, vortex generators, stall fences, and other modifications on their 185 Skywagon to lower the stall speed and minimize the plane’s landing and takeoff distances. Other options available for the 185 Skywagon include external fuel and cargo pods, baggage extensions, oversized doors, and giant tundra tires that are used for bush strip runways. For those who desire a more powerful engine, which with a full load and floats may be necessary, a larger 300 HP Continental IO-550 engine is available. The 185 Skywagon can also be used for aerial applications when spray booms and a 151-gallon chemical tank are installed beneath the belly.
Maximum speed: 155 knots
Range: 573 nautical miles
Length: 25′ 9″
Wingspan: 35′ 10″
Height: 7′ 9″
Maximum weight: 3,350 pounds
Empty weight: 1,600 pounds
Engine(s): One 300 HP Continental IO-520-D engine
Rate of climb: 1,010′ per minute
Crew: one pilot and up to five passengers
The Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport is the biggest airport in Sweden, and is located approximately 28 kilometers outside of Stockholm. During a year, the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport assists and accommodates approximately 17 million passengers, but has a capacity to deal with 25 million passengers a year. Originally, the airport was built in 1959 for practice flights, but in 1960 the airport was turned over for civilian use and commercial airline traffic.
There are four terminals at the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport. All international flights and their passengers are taken care of by Terminal 2 and Terminal 5. Terminal 3 and Terminal 4 are used for all domestic flights and passengers. During 2003, a central building was erected, namely the Arlanda North. This new building connects Pier 14 with Terminal 5. Arlanda North is utilized by the international flights that are managed by Star Alliance and SAS. The building that stands between Terminal 4 and Terminal 5, is called Sky City, offering a shopping center for passengers and serving as a railway station for the main line. In total, between all the terminals, the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport has 64 passenger gates. The airport also has five hangars, five cargo terminals and three runways. This makes the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport extremely impressive in size and the facilities that they offer. The three runways that are used for both take offs and landings are the 2,500 meter 08/26 runway, the 3,301 meter 01L/19R runway, and the 2,500 meter 01R/19L runway, with the first two being concrete and the latter runway being asphalt.
The facilities available at various airport terminals include restaurants (of which there are approximately 33), a wide variety of stores, ATM’s, banks, bars, a pharmacy, a chapel, conference facilities and hotels. The lounges are all fitted with power points, so travelers are able to recharge their cellular phones, or work on their laptops. Parking areas around the terminals are available in different categories such as long and short term parking, multi-storey parking garages, indoor and outdoor facilities.
Transportation to and from the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport is well taken care of. The Arlanda Express runs between the Stockholm Central Station and the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport. Bus services are available and it is the cheapest way to travel. Taxi drivers are required to ask a set price when leaving the airport, to ensure that all taxis are asking the same fare. Car rental agencies such as Hertz, Europcar and Avis operate directly from the airport.
The Stockholm-Arlanda Airport has gone to extreme measures to ensure that the airport is accessible to everyone, including disabled travelers. The Sky City building has text telephones available for hearing-impaired passengers, and all restrooms, lifts and parking areas are accessible to wheelchairs.
The new Airbus A330 MRTT (Multi Role Tanker Transport), which is based on the highly successful civilian A330-200, has been designed to be used as an air refueling tanker, as well as a cargo transport aircraft for military use.
In response to the increasing demand from cargo operators worldwide for a long-range, efficient, high-capacity freight airplane, in May 2005 the Boeing Company launched the Boeing 777 Freighter. Delivery of their launch order from Air France is expected to take place in the final quarter of 2008, with additional orders coming in from Emirates, Air Canada, China Southern Airlines, FedEx, GE Capital, Korean Air, Qatar and India-based cargo carriers, Flyington Freighters.
The Singapore Air Show, which takes place every two years, is scheduled for 19-24 February 2008 at the New Changi Exhibition Centre, Changi North, Singapore. This prestigious event is Asia’s largest aerospace and defense show and one of the world’s top three air shows. Hosted jointly by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore and the Defense Science & Technology Agency, the Singapore Air Show serves as a meeting place for the military and civil aviation community to benefit from opportunities for marketing and networking on a global scale. It is also an opportunity for the public to view the airplanes and exhibitions.