Cessna 185

February 9, 2009 by  
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Though the Cessna 185 Skywagon is considered by many to be the premier bush plane, it’s also popular with many other pilots and owners who’ll never fly anywhere near Alaska or northern Canada. Cessna began manufacturing the six-seat 185 Skywagon in March of 1961. The company produced 4,400 Skywagons before it ceased production of the plane in 1985.

The 185 Skywagon is a tail dragger, which means its third wheel is located beneath the tail instead of the nose. This wheel type was a popular configuration for World War II era aircraft and the 185 Skywagon was the last tail dragger that Cessna manufactured. Due to their tendency to ground loop, tail dragger planes often cost more to insure and aren’t as popular because of their challenging landing and takeoff characteristics.

In lieu of wheels, the 185 Skywagon can be equipped with floats, amphibious floats (floats that also have wheels for non-water landings), and skis. This makes the 185 Skywagon particularly attractive to those who fly in northern latitudes where the summer season is short and water runways are more plentiful than those found on land. Bush pilots will often change their 185 Skywagon from floats or wheels to skis and back as the season dictates.

Many install aftermarket Short Takeoff and Landing (STOL) kits, vortex generators, stall fences, and other modifications on their 185 Skywagon to lower the stall speed and minimize the plane’s landing and takeoff distances. Other options available for the 185 Skywagon include external fuel and cargo pods, baggage extensions, oversized doors, and giant tundra tires that are used for bush strip runways. For those who desire a more powerful engine, which with a full load and floats may be necessary, a larger 300 HP Continental IO-550 engine is available. The 185 Skywagon can also be used for aerial applications when spray booms and a 151-gallon chemical tank are installed beneath the belly.

Maximum speed: 155 knots
Range: 573 nautical miles
Ceiling: 17,150′
Length: 25′ 9″
Wingspan: 35′ 10″
Height: 7′ 9″
Maximum weight: 3,350 pounds
Empty weight: 1,600 pounds
Engine(s): One 300 HP Continental IO-520-D engine
Rate of climb: 1,010′ per minute
Crew: one pilot and up to five passengers

Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport

February 9, 2009 by  
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The Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport is the biggest airport in Sweden, and is located approximately 28 kilometers outside of Stockholm. During a year, the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport assists and accommodates approximately 17 million passengers, but has a capacity to deal with 25 million passengers a year. Originally, the airport was built in 1959 for practice flights, but in 1960 the airport was turned over for civilian use and commercial airline traffic.

There are four terminals at the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport. All international flights and their passengers are taken care of by Terminal 2 and Terminal 5. Terminal 3 and Terminal 4 are used for all domestic flights and passengers. During 2003, a central building was erected, namely the Arlanda North. This new building connects Pier 14 with Terminal 5. Arlanda North is utilized by the international flights that are managed by Star Alliance and SAS. The building that stands between Terminal 4 and Terminal 5, is called Sky City, offering a shopping center for passengers and serving as a railway station for the main line. In total, between all the terminals, the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport has 64 passenger gates. The airport also has five hangars, five cargo terminals and three runways. This makes the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport extremely impressive in size and the facilities that they offer. The three runways that are used for both take offs and landings are the 2,500 meter 08/26 runway, the 3,301 meter 01L/19R runway, and the 2,500 meter 01R/19L runway, with the first two being concrete and the latter runway being asphalt.

The facilities available at various airport terminals include restaurants (of which there are approximately 33), a wide variety of stores, ATM’s, banks, bars, a pharmacy, a chapel, conference facilities and hotels. The lounges are all fitted with power points, so travelers are able to recharge their cellular phones, or work on their laptops. Parking areas around the terminals are available in different categories such as long and short term parking, multi-storey parking garages, indoor and outdoor facilities.

Transportation to and from the Stockholm-Arlanda International Airport is well taken care of. The Arlanda Express runs between the Stockholm Central Station and the Stockholm-Arlanda Airport. Bus services are available and it is the cheapest way to travel. Taxi drivers are required to ask a set price when leaving the airport, to ensure that all taxis are asking the same fare. Car rental agencies such as Hertz, Europcar and Avis operate directly from the airport.

The Stockholm-Arlanda Airport has gone to extreme measures to ensure that the airport is accessible to everyone, including disabled travelers. The Sky City building has text telephones available for hearing-impaired passengers, and all restrooms, lifts and parking areas are accessible to wheelchairs.

Boeing 727

February 9, 2009 by  
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The world’s first three-engine jet, the Boeing 727, completed its first test flight on February 9, 1963. On October 29 of the same year, Boeing delivered the first of its 727s to United Airlines. In February of 1964, the Boeing 727 was the first trijet to enter commercial flight service, and for the first 30 years of jet travel, it was also the best-selling airliner. Though its fuselage had the same width as the older 707, the 727 offered shorter takeoff and landing capability with its leading-edge slats and slotted trailing edge flaps, technology that was innovative for its time. Because of its improved takeoff and landing performance, the 727 didn’t require as much runway length as its predecessor.

Boeing was expected to sell only 250 of the 727s, but eventually delivered 1,831 of the jetliners, and during the airplane’s long service life, Boeing made many improvements to the 727.

In some variations of the aircraft, the manufacturer installed a side cargo on the main deck for ease of loading passengers, cargo, or both. In December of 1967, Boeing rolled out the 727-200, a version that had increased weight capability and an extended fuselage to accommodate more passengers. The 727-200F catered to freight companies like Federal Express, who used the airplanes to haul large numbers of pallets. Other upgrades to the 727 included more fuel capacity and increasingly powerful engines. Gross weight boosts were also implemented.

By May of 1971, the widebody jetliner became the industry standard with Boeing’s introduction of the Advanced 727-200 model which boasted the following specifications:

Advanced 727-200

Maximum speed: .90 Mach
Cruise speed: 570 to 605 mph
Cruising altitude: 30,000′ to 40,000′
Length: 153′ 2″
Wingspan: 108′
Height: 34′
Maximum weight: 191,000 pounds
Engine(s): Three Pratt & Whitney JT8D turbofans
Crew: Three, including pilot, first officer, and flight engineer
Passenger Capacity: 148 to 189

In August of 1984, Boeing suspended production of the 727 aircraft. A month later, it delivered the last one to Federal Express. The aircraft manufacturer donated the first 727 ever built to the Museum of Flight in Seattle. Many of the 727s that remain in service have been converted to haul freight instead of passengers.

Da Nang International Airport

February 9, 2009 by  
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The city of Da Nang is a beautiful place to visit, with diverse geography ranging from plains to mountains, forests, rivers, seas and islands, making the center of Vietnam a must to see. Here you can also find a variety of transport as you tour the country.

The Da Nang International Airport is operated by the Central Airports Authority. The airport is found in Da Nang in central Vietnam in the Hai Chau District and is both a civil and military airport. The Vietnamese Air Force shares in the use of the asphalt runways that are only 10 meters or 33 feet above the mean sea level. In Vietnam the Da Nang Airport is one of three international airports, the others being Tan Son Nhat International Airport and Noi Bai International Airport.

The Da Nang International Airport is probably the airport you will use if you want to explore central Vietnam. The airport has quite a bit of military history as it was used by the United States Air Force as well as the South Vietnamese Air Force during the Vietnam War. The Da Nang International Airport’s coordinates are 16 degrees 02’38″N and 108 degrees 11’58″E. The two runways that the airport has are both of equal length totaling 3,048 meters or 10,000 feet. Da Nang can handle 100 to 150 flights each day and has modern aviation equipment to navigate large aircraft that land there.

Each year the airport sees between 800,000 and 1 million passengers. By 2015 the airport hopes to have increased to as many as four million passengers. Da Nang International Airport can take on 400,000 tonnes of cargo each year. The intended growth of the airport is vital as the city increases its importance as an economic center.

Douglas DC-3

February 9, 2009 by  
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The Douglas DC-3 quickly became a fixture in the aviation world after it was introduced on December 17, 1935. Within two years, the DC-3 was carrying 90 percent of the world’s commercial airline passengers. In addition to ferrying people around the country, the DC-3 also transported mail for the United States Postal Service. In 1944, 4,853 DC-3s were produced, a sizeable number of aircraft for that time.

The DC-3 is recognized as one of the single greatest influences in developing commercial air travel, in addition to its heavy use by the American military for transport operations during the Second World War. The Australian Defense Force also used DC-3s for wartime missions. Approximately 10,000 of the Douglas DC-3s were pressed into military service around the world. Military versions of the DC-3 include the Dakota, R4D, C-47, and the C-53. The DC-3 has also been used for transporting cargo, skydiving, and aerial spraying. Altogether, Douglas built 13,000 DC-3s.

Douglas had developed the DC-3 as a successor to the DC-2. Some of the primary changes with the newer aircraft were larger, reinforced wings that provided additional lift and enabled it to carry a heavier payload. More space was also provided for fuel tanks, giving the DC-3 a much longer range than the DC-2.

The DC-3 answered customers’ needs for an aircraft that was capable of covering longer distances and traversing the United States easier and faster than airplanes currently in service. When World War II concluded, the thousands of existing military DC-3 aircraft were converted for civilian use and were purchased by most major airlines. Sleeping berths were standard in early versions of the DC-3 and many passengers chose to travel by air rather than by train, which was much slower and took days instead of hours to cross the country.

A retired Canadian Pacific DC-3 is permanently mounted on display at Whitehorse International Airport in the Yukon Territory. The DC-3 swivels into the wind and is affectionately called “The World’s Largest Weather Vane.”

Maximum speed: 237 mph
Cruise speed: 170 mph
Range: 1,025 miles
Ceiling: 24,000′
Length: 64′ 5″
Wingspan: 95′
Height: 16′ 11″
Maximum weight: 28,000 pounds
Empty weight: 18,300 pounds
Engine(s): Two 1,200 HP Pratt & Whitney Twin Wasp S1C3G 14-cylinder engines
Rate of climb: 1,130′ per minute
Crew: Two
Passengers: 21-32

Beryl Markham

February 9, 2009 by  
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In 1933, Beryl Markham was the first woman to earn a commercial pilot’s license in Kenya. This adventurous British woman flew passengers, cargo, and mail through the most remote and inhospitable regions of Africa, in most cases landing and taking off using empty fields because of the lack of runways. In 1936, Markham became the first woman to fly solo from east to west across the Atlantic.

West with the Night, Beryl Markham‘s memoir about her life as a bush pilot, became an international best seller.

Airbus A330 Multi Role Tanker Transport

February 4, 2008 by  
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The new Airbus A330 MRTT (Multi Role Tanker Transport), which is based on the highly successful civilian A330-200, has been designed to be used as an air refueling tanker, as well as a cargo transport aircraft for military use.

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The Impressive Boeing 777 Freighter

January 9, 2008 by  
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In response to the increasing demand from cargo operators worldwide for a long-range, efficient, high-capacity freight airplane, in May 2005 the Boeing Company launched the Boeing 777 Freighter. Delivery of their launch order from Air France is expected to take place in the final quarter of 2008, with additional orders coming in from Emirates, Air Canada, China Southern Airlines, FedEx, GE Capital, Korean Air, Qatar and India-based cargo carriers, Flyington Freighters.

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The Cutting Edge Singapore Air Show

December 24, 2007 by  
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The Singapore Air Show, which takes place every two years, is scheduled for 19-24 February 2008 at the New Changi Exhibition Centre, Changi North, Singapore. This prestigious event is Asia’s largest aerospace and defense show and one of the world’s top three air shows. Hosted jointly by the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore and the Defense Science & Technology Agency, the Singapore Air Show serves as a meeting place for the military and civil aviation community to benefit from opportunities for marketing and networking on a global scale. It is also an opportunity for the public to view the airplanes and exhibitions.

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